Association Nationale de Défense des Victimes de l'Amiante

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"Pré-retraite amiante" : Le gouvernement enterre la voie d’accès individuelle

21 septembre 2015
Auteur(e) : 

Trop coûteuse, Trop complexe, trop lourde de contentieux… Telles sont les conclusions du rapport remis avec deux ans de retard au Parlement sur la « faisabilité » d’une voie d’accès individuelle à la « pré-retraite amiante » . Ce rapport confirme que « des salariés dont l’exposition à l’amiante est avérée sont exclus du dispositif », mais invite les députés à ne pas corriger cette injustice.

Dans un communiqué de presse, l’Andeva indique qu’elle "refuse d’échanger la création d’une voie d’accès individuelle contre un désossage du dispositif collectif".

Elle rappelle que "le nombre de personnes en Acaata a diminué de près d’un tiers en cinq ans (de 30 595 en 2010 à 21 092 en 2014 ). Le coût du dispositif pour les employeurs dont les cotisations financent la branche AT-MP ne cesse de diminuer".

Elle considère que "la création d’une voie d’accès individuelle est techniquement possible et financièrement réaliste".

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Explication en langue Anglaise du rapport Ricordeau :

Letter heading ANDEVA

Press Release Date September 14[the press release is dated 14th Sep.], 2015.
[Also what follows is not the translation of the press release but extracts of it with more explanations]


The French government has made it clear it will not upgrade social security measures concerning early retirement for asbestos workers. The negative decision is based on a financial analysis of costs and is utterly wrong, both morally and technically.
It is technically wrong. The motto of the report upon which the minister based decisions is that “it is not possible to implement the measure at a constant cost” and that it would place “too heavy a financial burden on employers.”
One may ask what exactly is a too heavy burden for companies that made huge profit neglecting the health consequences of asbestos exposure for their employees and the population over many decades. One may also severely contest the estimates given in this report.
It is morally wrong. Early retirement for workers heavily exposed to asbestos is not a privilege, it is a perfectly legitimate claim for workers with well documented shortened life expectancies. In France, during year 2013, for example, 83% of deaths with an occupational origin were due to asbestos exposure.

How does the French early retirement scheme for workers heavily exposed to asbestos work ?

The scheme was established in 1998. It allows workers to retire from the age of 50 if they fulfil one of two conditions :

1) they are suffering from a prescribed disease recognized as occupationally caused by exposure to asbestos.
2) they have worked in one of the high-risk factories listed in the relevant decree.

In the beginning, pleural plaques were excluded from item 1) but they are now included. In the beginning only asbestos processing industries were in the list of item 2) but later shipyards, dockyards and facilities where insulation work was carried out were included.

What is Andeva (the French National Association for the Defense of Asbestos Victims) asking ?

In 1998, Andeva welcomed the measures providing relief to people with recognized shortened life expectancies. Andeva has also been asking for a long time for a fairer system that would allow early retirement on the criteria of heavy exposure to asbestos. The existing scheme does provide rights for many workers who have been heavily exposed, but excludes others. The only way to make the scheme fairer is to add a procedure for individual claims [not sure what this means] that is a procedure that will take into account the true exposure record of an individual worker. The prevention branch of workers social security has in fact all the information necessary to establish who has been heavily exposed to asbestos and should be entitled to early retirement. Unfortunately this expertise will not be used.